The endometrium and its function in the menstrual cycle
The endometrium, the mucous layer that lines the interior of the uterus, thickens and sheds during the menstrual cycle, reaching its maximum thickness in the middle of the cycle.
At that time, its function is to receive the fertilised egg, that is, the embryo, resulting in pregnancy.
In the absence of pregnancy, the endometrium sheds its lining, resulting in menstruation. Then, it re-forms and sheds cyclically, a phenomenon only interrupted by pregnancies, and ends with menopause.
The importance of the study of the endometrium in fertility treatments
Numerous scientific and clinical studies indicate that endometrial health is a crucial factor in achieving pregnancy, along with the quality of the embryo.
IGLS has several tests that, performed independently or in conjunction with other tests, provide the physician with a 360º view of the endometrium throughout the cycle.
Thanks to the detailed information provided by the uterine environment, displayed in the results report, the physician can define the most suitable treatment or therapy for each patient, thus increasing the chances of pregnancy.
Scope of the tests
The tests described below are especially useful in cases of implantation failures, recurrent abortions, patients with chronic endometritis and for in-vitro fertilisation treatments, as well as for any patient seeking a healthy pregnancy.
Endometrial receptivity test to identify the implantation window, that is, the ideal time for embryo transfer.
Comprehensive analysis of the endometrial environment, which detects 18 pathogens -some related to chronic endometritis- and 4 lactobacillus species.
Essential information that the physician uses to determine the optimal treatment.
The immunological map detects and describes the future mother’s immune response, which can affect the embryo’s development. The result helps the physician define the appropriate therapy.
Combinations of the tests in packs
The three tests can be performed independently, at the physician’s discretion and according to the patient’s age and clinical history, or in conjunction in packs, this last option is of interest to patients who need more comprehensive studies, with the advantage that all the tests can be performed using a single biopsy.